ERIC Number: ED300713
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Psychological Impact on Incest on Its Victim: A Review of the Literature and Implications for Treatment.
Tamura, Karin Ruth
The literature on incest was reviewed with specific emphasis on the psychological impact that the incestuous relationship has on the female victim. The goals of the review were to identify the psychological impact of incest as supported by clinical observations and empirical research and to review literature on intervention strategies. These symptoms of the psychological repercussions of incest are discussed: fear; depression and low self-esteem; guilt and self-blame; external locus of control and poor impulse control; lack of assertiveness; dissociative experiences; and psychosexual disturbances. Treatment studies are reviewed, and it is noted that empirical studies exploring effective treatment strategies for incest victims have failed to keep pace with treatment outcome findings. Family or group therapy and individual therapy studies are included. Treatment approaches are evaluated based on their effectiveness in addressing the symptoms identified in the impact literature. The review concludes that, although a number of studies investigating the impact of incest have linked the sexual activity to later maladaptive behavior, this link is not as clear or conclusive as researchers would like. It is noted that these conclusions are tentative at best due to the small and convenient samples used, as well as methodological limitations. Suggestions are made for future intervention strategies and further research on the psychological impact of incest. (ABL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral Research Paper, Biola University, California.