ERIC Number: ED300687
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jan
Strategies for Counseling Hispanics: Effects of Racial and Cultural Stereotypes. Revised Edition.
Garcia, Frank, Jr.; Ybarra-Garcia, Melva
This manual, written for counselors and educators at all levels of education, focuses on multicultural awareness and educational equity. It is intended to acquaint the reader with the difficulty of counseling Hispanics due to manifestations of cultural and racial stereotypes. It stresses the need to change the counseling techniques that have proven ineffective and to try new approaches in dealing with Hispanics and with other racial and cultural minorities. Chapter 1 asserts that counselors who serve a multicultural constituency need to familiarize themselves with the Hispanic community, and describes several manifestations of racial and cultural stereotypes. Chapter 2 presents a review of related literature, focusing on the Hispanic family, colonized people, Hispanic family values, the nuclear family, machismo, passive acceptance versus active mastery, cooperation and obligation, time orientation, and identity and the Hispanic movement. Chapter 3 gives guidelines for counseling Hispanics. It presents a minority identity development model which consists of five stages: (1) conformity; (2) dissonance; (3) resistance and immersion; (4) introspection; and (5) synergistic articulation and awareness. An extrapsychic model is also discussed. Nineteen strategies for counseling Hispanics are listed. References are included. (NB)
Publication Type: Guides - General; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia.