ERIC Number: ED300590
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
Non-Formal Education in Developing Countries. Information File Number 10.
Bacquelaine, Myriam; Raymaekers, Erik
Over the past 15 years, developing countries have seen the number of training programs outside the formal education system multiply. The calling into question of schools is one of the factors explaining the recent interest in out-of-school education. Despite numerous attempts at clarification, there is a lack of unanimity with regard to the reality covered by nonformal education (NFE). The value of the battles over terminology, definitions, and classifications is that they reveal the diversity and dynamism of the field of NFE and the fact that many educational programs are in reality hybrids of NFE and formal education. Case studies represent a significant amount of the material published about NFE. These studies allow the identification of several general trends with respect to objectives pursued, target groups, and the most widespread program models per region. The cost of NFE is difficult to calculate, since there are no reliable, complete data in this sector. Problems with NFE resources include reliance on part-time, unpaid, volunteer instructors; mobilization of local resources; and program integration into the specific sociocultural context. Statistical data do not substantiate the claim that NFE necessarily fosters development. Furthermore, the two educational networks exist and are evolving independently in the majority of developing countries. Two reference lists offer 35 citations, and an annotated list of institutions has 11 entries. (YLB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Bureau of Education, Geneva (Switzerland).