ERIC Number: ED300096
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Oct-19
Reference Count: N/A
Solving the Access/Quality Puzzle in Two-Year Colleges.
Richardson, Richard C., Jr.
The concept of barrier-free transfer from two-year to four-year colleges is an important element in planning for student access to the baccalaureate. While it seems clear that transfer works reasonably well for most students most of the time, evidence suggests that transfer may be a qualitatively and quantitatively different experience at the relatively small number of two-year institutions attended by most minority students. Two-year colleges can provide open access and accept that many of their poorly prepared students will not qualify to transfer or graduate, or they can achieve good completion rates by restricting access to their high-demand programs to traditionally prepared majority and minority students. A third alternative involves assessing the preparation of entering students and providing them with learning strategies and support services necessary to gain college-level content and literacy skills. Changing demographics suggest that institutions must strive for both access and high achievement for all students. In a growing number of states, it is a priority for all postsecondary institutions to work toward the elimination of race and ethnicity as influences on both participation and graduation rates. This goal can be fostered through active recruitment of first-generation underprepared students, collaboration with high schools, early identification of gaps in academic preparation, intrusive advising and mentoring, tutorial services, and career guidance. A definition of educational quality that accommodates the growing diversity of America's college-going population must also emphasize teaching and support strategies to promote comparable achievement among all races and ethnic groups. (AJL)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Access to Education, Admission Criteria, College Transfer Students, Community Colleges, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Quality, Educational Trends, Educationally Disadvantaged, Minority Groups, Open Enrollment, Student Characteristics, Student Personnel Services, Transfer Policy, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper delivered as a keynote address at the Ohio Conference on Access and Success (Columbus, OH, October 19, 1988).