ERIC Number: ED299834
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Exploring the Generic Shape of "Information Books": Applying Typicality Notions to the Process.
Pappas, Christine C.
A study examined the general structure of children's information books and their use of language. A corpus of over 110 information books was examined for (1) obligatory elements of the genre, (2) optional elements, (3) iterative or repeating elements, (4) elements with fixed orders of occurrence in relation to other elements, and (5) elements with an optional or variable order of occurrence in relation to other elements. The analysis identified six global elements: topic presentation, description of attributes, characteristic events, category comparison, final summary, and afterword. The first three are obligatory, and the second three are optional and varying in frequency. Despite some patterns in elements, many of the books were not easily differentiated as belonging to the information book or the story-book genre, a problem attributable to the book's topic presentation and semantic properties. It is concluded that the notion of "typicality" is useful in examining and describing book genre, and may also suggest some new approaches to creativity in language use and to the question of the general nature of genres. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the World Conference of Applied Linguistics (8th, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, August 16-21, 1987).