ERIC Number: ED299529
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluation of Stress Levels of Professionals.
Schnorr, Janet K.; McWilliams, Jettie M.
This study was conducted to analyze levels and areas of stress of professionals in selected service professions and to establish national norms of stress for these professions. The 60-item Tennessee Stress Scale-R (TSS-R) is a work-related stress inventory for professionals which provides a measure of stress in three areas: stress producers, stress coping mechanisms, and stress symptoms. The TSS-R was administered to 800 professionals working in the areas of education, medicine, government service, industry, business, and counseling. Demographic data were included to analyze the effects of gender, geographic region, age, number of hours worked, number of children, and number of pets. The results revealed various patterns. Education professionals were significantly higher than business and government service professionals on the producers and symptoms subscales. Females had an average score of 8.46 for producers while males had a score of 7.17. With symptoms, males had a score of 6.25 while females averaged 8.1. The most prevalent symptoms were fatigue (83%), nervousness (75%), and irritability (72.4%). In terms of symptoms, females reported less excessive smoking, more fatigue, and more headaches than did males. Regional differences also emerged with scores in the western region of the country being significantly lower than scores from the east. (The Tennessee Stress Scale-R is appended.) (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (68th, Burlingame, CA, April 28-May 1, 1988).