ERIC Number: ED299525
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr-28
Influence on and Severity of Weight Concern: Bulimics, Dieters, and Controls.
Jones, Terri L.; Wolchik, Sharlene A.
Little previous research has compared bulimics to dieters who do not binge eat but who are also concerned with their weight. This study examined differences between college students who were classified as either bulimic (N=21), chronic dieters (N=29), or controls (N=83). The extent to which remarks made by significant others and failure experiences affect how subjects feel about their bodies was examined as was the frequency of social comparisions regarding weight, self-esteem, and perceptions of the extent to which their parents consider various factors important for success. Both bulimics and dieters reported a significantly greater tendency for weight-related remarks and failure experiences to influence the way they felt about their bodies than did control subjects. Bulimics scored significantly higher than controls or dieters on self-esteem and the tendency to make social comparisons regarding weight; dieters scored significantly higher than controls on these measures. Compared to fathers of dieters or controls, fathers of bulimics placed significantly greater importance on good athletic performance, popularity among female peers, and thinness in viewing their daughters as successful. Both bulimics and dieters scored significantly higher than controls in terms of the extent to which their mothers considered good athletic performance important in viewing their daughters as successful. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (68th, Burlingame, CA, April 28-May 1, 1988).