ERIC Number: ED299522
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-May
Reference Count: N/A
Childrearing Practices and the Development of Prosocial Behavior.
Swanson, Keith Allen
In the developmental literature increasing attention has been given to childrearing factors and their influence on the development of childhood behavior and attitudes, focusing primarily on maladaptive behaviors. Relatively little attention has been focused on positive family factors and their influence on prosocial development. However, research suggests that childrearing practices have a great impact on children's social development. Three factors foster prosocial development: (1) a nurturing environment encourages prosocial behaviors; (2) certain teaching techniques produce prosocial behaviors in the child; and (3) some corrective measures both modify deviant behavior and promote prosocial behavior. Methodological issues in this research include the correlational nature of the research and the lack of research on causal relationships. Other limitations include subject effects on internal validity, potential bias of self-report measures, observer/rater effects, and reactivity to the experimental arrangements weakening external validity. Practical applications of this research for parents include empathy for their children, verbal encouragement for prosocial behavior, and authoritative parenting. (ABL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral research paper, Biola University, California.