ERIC Number: ED299508
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-May-1
Reference Count: N/A
Coping Style, Cognitive Hardiness, & Health Status.
Nowack, Kenneth M.
Much research has examined how individuals cope with work and life stress. Findings have suggested that stress, generally measured as major life events or daily hassles, may be less important to both physical and psychological well-being than are other individual appraisal and coping processes. This study was conducted to examine the effects of coping style and cognitive hardiness on physical and psychological health status. Measures of coping style (intrusive positive thoughts, intrusive negative thoughts, avoidance, problem-focused coping), cognitive hardiness, stress, health habits, psychological distress, and physical illness were collected for 194 professional employees. Multiple regression analyses revealed that intrusive negative thoughts and avoidance coping approaches significantly contributed to predictions of psychological distress and physical illness outcomes, respectively. Cognitive hardiness significantly contributed to predictions of psychological distress but not physical illness outcomes. Health habits were significantly related to both measures of health status. Two coping approaches, intrusive positive thoughts and problem-focused coping did not significantly contribute to predictions of either physical or psychological health status. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (68th, Burlingame, CA, April 28-May 1, 1988).