ERIC Number: ED299396
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-May
Reference Count: N/A
No Way Out: Working Poor Women in the United States.
National Commission on Working Women, Washington, DC.
This report examines the situation of the one-half of the nation's nine million working poor who are female. It begins by looking at just who the working poor are. Two areas of study are education levels and types of jobs. The discussion then shifts to minimum wage earners and their characteristics, the current status of the minimum wage, and the types of jobs that are minimum wage jobs. The report then considers a corollary of the increase in low-wage and minimum wage jobs--the growth of part-time and temporary employment. Next, discussion focuses on unemployment, which is closely linked to part-time and temporary employment. Barriers to higher wage jobs are also identified, including the lack of affordable, reliable child care; occupational segregation and wage discrimination; and the education and training that women and girls receive and that often prepare them for a lifetime of poverty-level wages and poverty. Wider Opportunities for Women makes recommendations for improving conditions for working poor women. These recommendations speak specifically to what can be done by the corporate sector/employers, the public sector/legislators, union leaders, the education and training sector, and the media and communications sector. Many are common sense strategies related to laws already in effect, but an interwoven theme throughout all the sectors is the need for new leadership and advocacy. (A bibliography offers 52 citations.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adults, Advocacy, Economically Disadvantaged, Employed Women, Employment Problems, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Minimum Wage, Part Time Employment, Poverty, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Discrimination, Sex Fairness, Unemployment
Wider Opportunities for Women, 1325 G Street, N.W., Lower Level, Washington, DC 20005 ($10.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Commission on Working Women, Washington, DC.