ERIC Number: ED299389
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jun-14
Reference Count: N/A
Situational and Social Influences on High School Students' Decisions To Work Part-Time.
Wirtz, Philip W.; And Others
A study of the reasons cited by 508 high school students for deciding to work part-time indicated that working to acquire additional spending money is only one of many reasons why high school students elect to work. Reasons for working were found to be significantly associated with a variety of situational and social factors. Academic program and grade were significantly related to working in order to save for future education versus gaining workplace skills and experience. Saving for future education was often a major factor in the decision to work. Boys placed more importance on working because their parents wanted them to, whereas girls emphasized working for the purpose of learning skills, gaining experience, and saving for future education. Teacher approval was significantly associated with gaining skills and experience, and peers were found to be supportive of youths working to help support their families, learn skills, and save for future education. This study thus found little evidence in support of recent suggestions in the literature that high school students who are employed part-time believe that there is little to be learned from their jobs and that their main reason for working is to gain spending money. (Seven tables/graphs are provided, as well as 45 references.) (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Portions of this paper were presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 5, 1988).