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ERIC Number: ED299286
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987-Sep-30
Reference Count: N/A
Retention and Promotion: 1986-87 Final Technical Report. Publication No. 86.30. September 30, 1987.
Schuyler, Nancy Baenen; Turner, Belinda O.
Retention and promotion were studied to determine which offers more help to low achievers. Under Texas House Bill 72, elementary promotion is tied to the essential elements, and secondary students must meet specified requirements. In the Austin (Texas) Independent School District (AISD) in 1986-87, 4,118 students repeated all or part of a grade. Major findings were: (1) over time, elementary retainees failed to show long-term improvements in achievement and showed lower achievement than did promoted low achievers; (2) the number of elementary students retained increased after the AISD adopted a new policy in 1981; (3) the number of secondary students retained increased by 46% between 1985-86 and 1986-87; and (4) summer school and programs aimed at low achievements helped a significant number of students (N=504) avoid repeating an entire grade. In the long run, retention has not helped most elementary students overcome their deficits in learning. It appears best to provide alternative instruction without retaining most low achievers. If retained, students also need special instruction. At the secondary level, minimizing the number of credit units repeated, providing intensive remediation in basic skills, and promoting students as soon as possible may decrease the likelihood of students dropping out. Appendices constituting the bulk of the document provide data on the retention program achievement analysis, descriptive statistics for the retention and promotion programs, and district-wide surveys and a literature review concerning the retention program. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Austin Independent School District, TX. Office of Research and Evaluation.