ERIC Number: ED299052
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Stress Management Techniques for Young Children.
Piper, Francesca M.
The director of a not-for-profit nursery school adapted the adult stress management techniques of exercise and relaxation for use with 3- to 5-year-old children. Specifically, children were taught visualization techniques and yoga exercises involving deep breathing. The goal of the practicum was to rechannel children's negative stress-related behaviors, such as hitting, pushing, and loud talking, into creative and productive outlets. After going through a series of yoga exercises, children sat or reclined, closed their eyes, and responded to a request to imagine something. After completing the exercise, children talked about their thoughts and, if they wished, responded to their experiences by drawing or painting. After approximately 3 weeks, children could be quieted without the use of yoga. Over a period of 10 weeks, visualization and guided imagery proved to be especially successful in calming and increasing the attention spans of members of the 4- and 5-year-old groups. The group as a whole showed increased self-control after the visualization sessions. Overall classroom mood was calmer, more focused, and more cooperative after the intervention sessions. It is concluded that visualization helps young children deal with problems. (RH)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Practicum Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A