ERIC Number: ED298682
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Brain Research: Implications for the Education of Exceptional Children. Abstract XV: Research & Resources on Special Education.
ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.
The one-page abstract summarizes "Brain Research: Implications for the Education of Exceptional Children," an ERIC Computer Search Reprint containing bibliographic information and abstracts of 115 documents. Citations are described in five sections: learning disabilities, autism, other learning handicaps, assessment techniques, and instructional techniques. Although some studies have found an unusual reliance on one hemisphere by the learning disabled, the relationship of these findings to learning disorders is unclear. Despite the popularity of hemispherically related explanations for learning disabilities, a review of research concluded that there are strong empirical arguments to the contrary. Studies of autism found some evidence of left hemisphere dysfunction as well as evidence of neurochemical disturbance. Studies of other learning handicaps (such as deafness, behavior disorders, handedness, brain damage) were less frequent. Work on assessment techniques includes tests and electrophysical measurement techniques used to determine hemispheric preference, identify neurological problems, and identify subtypes of learning disability. Most studies on instructional techniques stress that education currently emphasizes left brain activities and that greater use of right train and integrated activities should be fostered. Sixty-two footnotes are provided. (DB)
Descriptors: Autism, Brain, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Evaluation Methods, Learning Disabilities, Meta Analysis, Research and Development, Teaching Methods, Theory Practice Relationship
ERIC/OSEP Special Project on Interagency Information Dissemination, Council for Exceptional Children, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091 (free).
Publication Type: Book/Product Reviews
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Innovation and Development.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.