ERIC Number: ED298577
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Ethics of Rhetoric and the Ethics in Rhetoric: Problems in Evaluation.
There are several potential problems which the Speech Communication instructor may face in evaluating students' performance, including: (1) students may neglect to recognize the multi-cultural classroom context (including ethnic and religious differences); (2) different world-views can result in clashes of opinions; (3) morality can be perceived differently by representatives of two or more cultures; (4) students may perceive the instructor as "biased" for various reasons; (5) students may alter their ideas purposely to meet the instructor's expectations; and (6) the instructor's post-speech or post-debate critique may be misunderstood as criticism of certain ideas. Given the subjective and multifaceted nature of ethical codes, evaluatory practices are most objective when based on standards recognized and employed by both instructor and students. Standards of ethics are numerous, and must be taught (perhaps selectively) in order for the instructor to establish a common basis shared and understood by the class. At the basic level of evaluation are the standards of listening with an open mind, paying attention to dissenting opinions, promoting cross-cultural exchanges, and tolerance of expression. At the second level are suggested standards of evaluation including: the ethics of means and ends; the ethic based on intent toward the audience; warranted claims; and contextual ethics. (Fifteen references are appended.) (MS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (74th, New Orleans, LA, November 3-6, 1988).