ERIC Number: ED298402
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Family Environments of Victims of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Single- vs. Multiple-Incident Victims.
Chandler, Kelle P.; And Others
This study investigated family characteristics as risk factors for sexual abuse by examining the family environments of both abused and nonabused young adults as assessed by the Family Environment Scale. Participants were college students (N=230) at a major southeastern university. A total of 105 students reported sexual experiences which occurred before the age of 18 with persons at least five years older. A comparison group of 125 nonabused participants was matched to the victim group on age, race, marital status, and socioeconomic status. Nonvictims reported greater cohesion and organization for their families than did victims. Significant differences were not found between the single-incident victims' families and the multiple-incidents victims' families for either cohesion or organization. Failure to find the predicted differences between families of single- and multiple- incident victims suggests the risk of initial occurrence of sexual abuse but that other factors may determine whether abuse continues. Alternatively, cohesion and organization may not represent true risk factors for sexual abuse; instead they may perhaps be simply correlates of sexual abuse and/or characteristics of dysfunctional families. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (34th, New Orleans, LA, March 31-April 2, 1988).