ERIC Number: ED298397
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-May
Reference Count: N/A
Attitudes toward Homosexuality: Implications for Responsible Psychotherapy.
McQuoid, Daniel W.
This review examines previous research on societal attitudes toward homosexuality. It notes that sex-role rigidity in society has an impact on societal attitudes toward homosexuality; in societies with rigid sex-roles, gay men and lesbian women are disliked and rejected more than in societies with liberal sex-roles. Society's stereotypes of gay men and lesbian women are described as being cross gender in nature, with homosexual men being perceived as having feminine traits and lesbian women as having masculine traits. Research findings are presented which suggest that homosexuals are consistently disliked by heterosexuals. Also reviewed are studies of mental health professionals' attitudes towards homosexuality which have had conflicting results: some found no differences in the attitudes of mental health professionals towards homosexuals versus hetereosexuals, while others found mental health professionals to be biased. Methodological shortcomings of the research are examined, including: (1) use of a variety of methods making findings difficult to unify; (2) use of polls and surveys which are limited in scope; (3) the variance of questionnaires from study to study; (4) use of highly select samples, such as college students; (5) studies on attitudes toward homosexuality varied in sex of the target being studied; (6) a focus on male homosexuality rather than female homosexuality; and (7) limited research on attitudes of mental health professionals. A unified approach to research in this area is recommended. The therapeutic triad of empathy, warmth, and genuineness is considered fundamental to the success of therapy with homosexual and lesbian clients. (ABL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral Research Paper, Biola University.