ERIC Number: ED298380
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Relationship between Men's and Women's Religious Views and Sex-Typing.
Black, Mary Kathryn; Best, Deborah L.
Although few psychological studies which include religion as a variable discriminate among the religious, those for whom religion is important differ in their theological orientation and consequently reflect diverse viewpoints. This study was conducted to make such a discrimination in order to assess the relationship of religious orientation and concern for others with gender and sex-typing. Fifty male and 50 female subjects completed a variety of religious measures in addition to measures of empathy, guilt, and sex roles. Responses to the Personal Attributes Questionnaire were used to classify subjects as androgynous, masculine, or feminine. The results revealed that male subjects showed less religious concern and had lower scores on measures of empathy and other variables which assessed orientation toward others than did female respondents. For traditional males, a sex-stereotypic self-description was found to be related to fundamentalist religious beliefs. These males also scored lower on measures that reflected concern for others than did any of the other sex-typing groups. Various aspects of an evangelical/fundamentalist worldview were also negatively associated with several measures that reflected an orientation to others. The findings suggest that religious views and concern for others are related to gender and to self-perceptions of masculinity and femininity. (Ten tables are appended.) (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (34th, New Orleans, LA, March 31-April 2, 1988).