ERIC Number: ED298309
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Economic Development in the 1980s. A Summary. Agriculture Information Bulletin Number 533.
Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Structural change in the economy is causing economic stress in rural America, especially in areas with a heavy dependence on agriculture, mining and energy, and manufacturing. This contrasts sharply with the 1970s, when widespread economic growth and vitality were the dominant rural themes. Rural economies in the 1980s are characterized by slow job growth and high unemployment, outmigration and reduced population growth, and underdeveloped human resources. Although public policy can facilitate community adjustment to structural economic change, there is considerable debate about the role of public policy in easing the adjustment burden for displaced people and their communities. Devising a national rural development policy involves making political choices. The interests of those affected by rural stress and structural change must be balanced against the costs and likely success of attempting a remedy. Much of the responsibility for devising and administering rural programs will fall to state governments, and the success of these problems will depend on leadership in local communities. The Federal Government's role is to foster an economic environment conducive to growth, to facilitate multistate and multicommunity approaches, and to ensure that adequate attention is given to human development programs, such as education and training. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.