ERIC Number: ED298122
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Expertise in Pedagogy.
Berliner, David C.
In this discussion on the development of expertise in teaching, a theory of skill learning is first presented. The characteristics of five stages of skill development in teachers are described: (1) novice; (2) advanced beginner; (3) competent teacher; (4) proficient teacher; and (5) expert teacher. A review of data collected by studies on the subject of teaching expertise points out differences between the novice and the expert teacher in the areas of: (1) interpreting classroom phenomena; (2) discerning the importance of events; (3) using routines; (4) predicting classroom phenomena; (5) judging typical and atypical events; and (6) evaluating performance: responsibility and emotions. The discussion of policy considerations for teacher educators, based upon this developmental theory of skill acquisition, is aimed at helping novices become proficient in classroom techniques while evaluating them in ways approriate for their developmental level. (JD)
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Developmental Stages, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Policy Formation, Preservice Teacher Education, Skill Development, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Education Programs, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation
AACTE Publications, One Dupont Circle, Suite 610, Washington, DC 20036-2412 ($12.00).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, Washington, DC.
Note: Charles W. Hunt Memorial Lecture presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (New Orleans, LA, February 17-20, 1988).