ERIC Number: ED297961
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Sep
Images of Science: Factors Affecting the Choice of Science as a Career.
Fullilove, Robert E., III
Many feel that the number of high school students electing to enter careers in science and engineering is shrinking and that the United States needs to improve the potential pool in order to remain competitive in the international technology and research areas. This report attempts to describe the dimensions of the problem this nation faces in producing enough scientists and engineers, and how images of science may affect whether American students choose careers in science. Literature is surveyed in various areas including: (1) "Images of Science"; (2) "Measuring Attitudes to Science"; (3) "Structural (Non-Attitudinal) Factors in Science Career Choice" (including tracking, family factors, and factors affecting career choice); (4) "Media, Youth and Career Choice"; (5) "School Achievement in Science and Mathematics" (including the math crisis, and peers, academic aptitude and academic achievement); and (6) "Excellence, Academic Achievement, and Mathematics." A bibliography including 47 books and reports, and 118 articles is appended. (CW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attitude Measures, Career Awareness, Career Choice, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Females, Literature Reviews, Mass Media Effects, Mathematics Education, Media Research, Minority Groups, Science Education, Secondary School Mathematics, Secondary School Science, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Teachers; Policymakers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Prepared for the assessment "Educating Scientists and Engineers: Grade School to Grad School."