ERIC Number: ED297845
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Mar
Perceived Closeness and Parent-Child Relations in Families of Seventh-Graders.
Paulson, Sharon E.; Hill, John P.
A study of relations between perceived closeness and the level of biological maturation of male and female seventh-grade students sought additional support for empirical differentiation between closeness and acceptance. The study also investigated the relation of perceived closeness to parents' reports of satisfaction with parenting, children's participation in family activities, and disagreements over rules. Subjects were 100 male 7th-grade students, 100 female 7th-grade students (each of whom was the oldest child and lived with both natural parents) and their parents. Testing occurred in the families' homes. The parents' questionnaire consisted of a closeness scale, a parental satisfaction scale, a participation in family activities scale, and a disagreement over rules scale, while the children's questionnaires included a closeness scale and an acceptance scale. Results indicated that relations between parent-reported family behaviors and perceived closeness were similar to those found with acceptance alone, but were present even after acceptance was controlled. The implication of this finding is that research based on reports of closeness (as opposed to acceptance) is necessary, because only reports of closeness accurately tap both parents' and children's perceptions. (SKC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence (2nd, Alexandria, VA, March 25-27, 1988).