ERIC Number: ED297717
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
Effect of the Computer on Problem Solving. Hinsdale District 181.
The effect of computer-assisted instruction on spatial problem solving skills was examined in this study. Subjects were fifth grade students from nine classes, who were divided into three treatment groups in a nonrandom fashion: (1) computer-assisted group, which used computer software designed to help students improve spatial problem solving skills for one hour per week; (2) worksheet group, which used worksheets and seatwork exercises designed to enhance spatial problem solving skills for one hour per week; and (3) control group, which had no special instruction in problem solving. Students were pre- and posttested with the New Jersey Test of Reasoning Skills, the Sequencing and Analogies subtests of the Test of Cognitive Skills, and a seven-item noncommercial spatial test. A Cognitive Skills Index (IQ score) for each student obtained in fourth grade was also used in the analysis. Results of multivariate tests indicated that the effects of group and sex were not significant, but the effect of schools was statistically significant. However, no significant differences were found between the three treatment groups, although all groups showed a gain from pretest to posttest. It is suggested that the use of computer-assisted instruction is less effective as a stand alone teaching method than it would be as a supplement to teacher instruction. The text is supplemented by four figures, and the materials provided to the teachers whose classes participated in the study are appended. (4 references) (EW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute for Educational Research, Glen Ellyn, IL.