ERIC Number: ED297476
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Identification and Representation of Leadership Problems.
Forsythe, George B.; And Others
The first step in a long-term research effort to investigate the relationship between knowledge and its use in the practice of leadership is described in this paper. Detailed interviews with a random sample of 37 senior West Point cadets to were conducted investigate the identification and causal representation of human performance problem situations. Leadership problems were categorized and then the relevant knowledge from psychology, sociology, and organizational behavior was developed into a content model, called a Model of Organizational Leadership (MOL). Two questions were addressed. First, what situations do cadets identify as a leadership problem? Second, what do cadets regard as the relevant causal features of the leadership problem situation, and how do they organize these to structure an explanation of the problem? The results are presented in answer to these two questions. All of the problems reported involved human performance; no technical problems requiring specific task competence were reported. There was a general lack of complexity in the causal structures used to represent each of these problems. Some speculations about the reasons for this are included, as well as suggestions to improve the situation. Appended are references and tables, charts, and graphs detailing the study. (LMS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 5-9, 1988).