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ERIC Number: ED297204
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Esteem: A Model.
Steffenhagen, R. A.
Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology theory is actually a theory of self-esteem psychology. For Adler the most important motivating force for behavior is a striving for superiority. A self-esteem theory of deviance was developed with the underlying proposition being that low self-esteem is the basic psychodynamic mechanism underlying deviance. For too many years self-esteem has been plagued by vagueness and fragmentation. Nominal definitions abound while real and operational definitions are still to be sought. The Steffenhagen-Burns model of self-esteem is an attempt to operationalize the concept of self-esteem. Self-esteem is defined on the basis of an operational model consisting of three egos comprised of nine elements and nine constructs. For each ego a self-esteem test of 27 items was constructed; each test dimensionalizes the ego into three constructs and three elements. It is postulated that self-esteem is a complex multi-faceted construct, and that individuals can be high and low in self-esteem simultaneously. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (95th, New York, NY, August 28-September 1, 1987).