ERIC Number: ED297198
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Student Apathy: The Protection of Self-Worth. What Research Says to the Teacher.
Raffini, James P.
Some educational practices have contributed to the apathy of students. These include a perceptual view of behavior, the view that self-worth equals achievement, norm-referenced evaluation, and success as ability and effort. Four strategies which have the potential for allowing students to experience success from reasonable levels of effort include: (1) individual goal-setting structures that allow students to define their own criteria for success; (2) outcome-based instruction and evaluation which make it possible for slower students to experience success without having to compete with faster students; (3) attribution retraining which can help apathetic students view failure as a lack of effort rather than a lack of ability; and (4) cooperative learning activities which help students realize that personal effort can contribute to group as well as individual goals. Educators must confront the discrepancies between the actual and stated goals of education. Students have the power to choose how much effort to expend on any task. If the goal is to differentiate students according to their ability, then slower students will choose to reject school by avoiding effort. For those students who are forced to choose between rejecting schooling or rejecting their sense of self-worth, time is short. (ABL)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Apathy, Educational Practices, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Goal Orientation, Secondary School Students, Self Concept, Self Esteem
National Education Association Professional Library, P.O. Box 509, West Haven, CT 06516 ($2.95).
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Education Association, Washington, DC.