ERIC Number: ED297150
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Vocational Education for At-Risk Youth: How Can It Be Made More Effective? Working Paper 88-11.
Part I of this paper reviews research on effects of vocational course work on dropout rates, probabilities of employment, earnings, productivity, and basic skills. The review is organized around 10 questions. Answers to these questions include: (1) vocational education lowers dropout rates; (2) economic benefits are substantial; (3) economic benefits depend on getting a training-related job; (4) less than half of vocational graduates get training-related jobs; (5) occupationally specific skills are not used because of lack of emphasis on placement, insufficient employer involvement, and training for jobs not in demand; (6) basic skills cannot substitute for occupational skills; (7) obsolescence is less important than not using and forgetting skills; (8) studying occupationally specific skills does not necessarily lower achievement in academic areas; (9) three or four courses in an occupational specialty are optimal; and (10) occupationally specific skills are best learned on the job. Part II presents recommendations for improving vocational education's contribution to successful labor market transition of disadvantaged youth. Recommendations include the following: (1) vocational teachers should take responsibility for and devote time to student placement; (2) well-informed career choice precedes entry into intensive occupational training; (3) basic skills should not be neglected; (4) training should be offered only in demand occupations; and (5) state aid should be allocated by a formula that rewards success in serving students. (YLB)
Descriptors: Basic Skills, Dropout Rate, Dropout Research, Dropouts, Economically Disadvantaged, Education Work Relationship, Educational Benefits, Employment Level, High Risk Students, Job Training, Minority Groups, Outcomes of Education, Potential Dropouts, Secondary Education, Success, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.; National Assessment of Vocational Education (ED), Washington, DC.; Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell Univ.