ERIC Number: ED296889
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
College Women's Persistence in Engineering and Physical Science: A Further Study.
Schoenberger, Ann K.
Participation by women in scientific and technical careers is still low despite gains made by women in the United States job market. Consequently women's earning power and job opportunities as a group are diminished. Another effect is a loss of talent in the American work force. The objectives of this study were to: (1) study the rates of persistence of two classes (Fall 1984 and Fall 1985) of undergraduate women and men students in engineering and science from entry to graduation and (2) explore factors associated with persistence in these fields. Factors discussed in this paper are performance in mathematics and physics and mechanical experience and ability. The main question about persistence was whether the patterns of persistence, internal transfer, or withdrawal differed by gender. The patterns for men were almost identical while the patterns for women differed. For mathematics and physics there were no significant main effects for gender. There were significant main effects for persistence on mathematics and physics measures. Physics appeared to be a more citical filter for both male and female students in engineering and physical science. The link between persistence and mechanical ability was elusive. Implications of the study are discussed. References, figures, and tables are appended. (RT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 5-9, 1988).