ERIC Number: ED296763
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Success of Students Who Begin College by Enrolling in English as a Second Language. Research Report No. 88-09.
Belcher, Marcia J.
A study of the English as a Second Language (ESL) program at Miami-Dade Community College (MDCC) was conducted, which compared the demographics of ESL and non-ESL students, measured the success of ESL students in learning English and achieving other academic goals, and examined the relationship between initial enrollment in ESL and satisfactorily completing the program, passing the communications portion of a basic skills assessment test, and success/persistence in college. The study sample included all students who enrolled at MDCC for the first time in fall 1983 with the intention of obtaining an associate degree (N=6,993). Any student who had earned or attempted one or more credits in an ESL course (N=884) were assigned to the ESL group. Study findings included the following: (1) about 1 in 8 of the total group of first-time enrollees earned a high school diploma from a foreign high school, including 65% of the ESL group and 6% of the non-ESL group; (2) 52% of the new enrollees were Hispanic and 17% were Black, while in the ESL group, 82% were Hispanic and 11% were Black; (3) ESL students tended to be older than their counterparts (27.6 vs. 20.4 years); (4) compared to the non-ESL students, ESL students were more likely to have left MDCC after 4 years and less likely to have graduated; (5) 16% of the ESL enrollees finished the fourth level of the program with satisfactory grades; and (6) less than 30% of the original ESL group passed the reading and writing portions of the basic skills assessment test. (EJV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Miami-Dade Community Coll., FL. Office of Institutional Research.