ERIC Number: ED296584
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
Innovative Staff Development Approaches. New Focus, NCBE Occasional Papers in Bilingual Education, No. 4.
National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, Wheaton, MD.
A review of the literature on staff training for individuals working in programs for limited-English-speaking students suggests that eight characteristics should be considered and developed in a training plan: governance, needs assessment before program planning, analysis of local and other resources, determination of training objectives, trainee attendance incentives, a variety of training options, follow-up training, and evaluation of training program effectiveness. Discrepancies between these ideals and existing program characteristics persist. Research on effective program models reveals four types: social, information processing, personal, and behavioral systems models. Four program components, used in various combinations, appear to be necessary in an effective teacher learning process: theory, demonstration, practice, and feedback. Five approaches based on cooperative professional development, each using teacher teams for feedback through social support, focus on professional dialogue, curriculum development, peer supervision, peer coaching, and action research. Training programs exemplifying these trends include the Multidistrict Trainer of Trainers Institute (California and New York), the Bilingual Education Training Institute (New Jersey Department of Education), and the Language Development Specialist Academy (Hunter College, New York). (MSE)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, Wheaton, MD.