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ERIC Number: ED296484
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Feb
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Dimensions of Culture: Analyzing Educational Institutions.
Tierney, William G.
Cultural awareness in higher education helps to achieve organizational goals, analyze organizations, explain differences among organizations, and unify personnel. Cultural awareness is also important because culture influences the making and implementation of decisions. Two major research views regarding organizations and organizational culture have developed. First, the functional view regards organizational values as absolute, culture as an ontological entity, and culture as a product of the organization. Here, researchers examine causal laws, observable behaviors, and organizational structures. By contrast, the interpretive approach regards organizations as cultures that subjectively create their own realities. Here, researchers assess how personnel interpret their organizations. Under the interpretive paradigm, three facets of culture furnish a framework for interpreting culture in organizations. The structural facet concerns the ways in which organizations perform their activities; the environmental facet concerns the context of people, events, demands, and constraints; and the value facet concerns the beliefs, norms, and priorities held by personnel. Administrators and researchers should analyze culture in their own organizations to reduce conflict and to promote the sharing of goals. Appended are 34 references. (RG)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A