ERIC Number: ED296433
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
An Account of Studies of Organizational Development in Schools.
Runkel, Philip J.; Schmuck, Richard A.
Most organizational development (OD) projects in schools are never reported in the literature. This paper discusses benefits, outcomes, and success factors disclosed by the first large-scale quantitative survey of OD in schoools conducted by Fullan, Miles, and Taylor in 1978. The paper also explores other relevant studies published through early 1983. First, four research and evaluation studies on cadres of organizational specialists (in "Keele"--a fictitious town--Washington; Eugene, Oregon; Buffalo, New York; and New South Wales, Australia) are discussed, along with more recent efforts in Colorado, Florida, Idaho, and California. Next, the paper reviews 13 large-scale research studies, including the Cooperative Project for Educational Development (1965), a high school renewal project (1979), an Oregon organizational training project (1970), and an Oregon innovative elementary schools project (1970). A dozen other studies are briefly discussed. Last, the chief conclusions from OD research in schools are summarized. Entry and start-up success depends on adequate staff orientation time, staff consent, readiness to risk change, support from the top, and an active staff "variety pool." During transition, OD projects have little chance of success if efforts are focused on improving individuals as individuals. OD's success is more likely when connected with an educational improvement program stressing tasks, not personal growth. Outcomes vary depending on intent and can increase trust, improve comunication, and help facilitate stressful organization changes. Included are 89 references. (MLH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene. Div. of Educational Policy and Management.; University Council for Educational Administration.
Note: Produced by the UCEA Center on Organizational Development in Schools.