ERIC Number: ED296223
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Marriage-Career Conflict: Anticipating It, Using It, Minimizing It.
Tangri, Sandra Schwartz; Jenkins, Sharon Rae
Much has been written about the conflicts that women experience when they combine work and family roles into one life style. This study focused on how the issue of the marriage-career conflict played itself out in the lives of women who graduated from college in 1967. Data were obtained from a stratified random sample of female college graduates who had participated in the Michigan Student Study (Gurin, 1971). One-third of the sample (Role-Innovators) wanted occupations in which less than 30% of the workforce was female; one-third (Traditionals) wanted occupations in which at least 50% of the workforce was female; and one-third (Moderates) wanted occupations in which between 30% and 50% of the workforce was female. Results revealed that women who expected marriage-career conflict in 1967 also gave a higher priority to career, chose a more Role-Innovator occupation, spent more time in the labor force, and actually worked in a Role-Innovator occupation. Getting married, having children, and ending up in a more traditional occupation were all associated with more frequent reports of conflict in 1981, and with more changes from not expecting conflict in 1967 to actually experiencing conflict in 1981. Neither timing of marriage nor number of children was related to changes in conflict. It appears that women who stay in the labor force develop strategies for reconciling career and marriage demands; and that women who do not develop such strategies both increase their feelings of conflict and decrease their labor force participation. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (95th, New York, NY, August 28-September 1, 1987).