ERIC Number: ED296205
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Difference That Differences Make: Adolescent Diversity and Its Deregulation.
Levine, Melvin D.
This document discusses the differences in maturity of late adolescents, aged 16 to 21, and how lack of readiness by some adolescents has a major impact upon communities and upon the individual. The document illustrates the tension between individuation and regulation with five vignettes of actual cases. Sources of variation, including biological predispositions, critical life events, temperament, and educational experience are described. Neurodevelopmental variation in adolescence is discussed, with a focus on selective attention, memory, language, processing, cognition, neuromotor function, and social skills. Parameters of young adult readiness are presented, including self-esteem, affect, motivation, psychosocial adjustment, moral development and ethical values, and resiliency and malleability. Schools' requirements for students to perform a wide variety of tasks, rather than permitting the student to choose activities as adults in society are permitted to do, are discussed. Implications for policy are discussed in the areas of advice and advocacy, decision making, teacher role, reform of special services, high school reform, adolescents' awareness of adolescence, needs of the family, medical role, and prevention. Implications for research in the areas of longitudinal studies, compiling a table of elements or factors that need to be accounted for in adolescents, instrument development, and demonstration models are described. Two commentaries on the document are included. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: William T. Grant Foundation, Washington, DC. Commission on Work, Family, and Citizenship.