ERIC Number: ED296017
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Short-Term and Long-Term Poverty on Educational Attainment of Children.
This report examines how periods of poverty affect children's educational attainment. Educational attainment is measured by whether a student is at or behind the modal grade level expected for each given age. A cross-tabular analysis was performed on a sample of 16-, 17- and 18-year-old children who were in high school at some point during the 1978 to 1983 period using data from the Panel Survey of Income Dynamics (PSID) longitudinal surveys. The report cautions users that the PSID data are limited for educational research. The findings are the following: (1) for all students, short-term poverty is not expected to affect educational attainment; (2) for all students, longer periods in poverty increase the probability of lagging behind modal grade level; and (3) for white students, there is a statistically significant connection between the amount of time spent in poverty and the lag in modal grade level that is not present for black students. A series of regression analyses support the finding that years in poverty is related to educational attainment for all students and for whites, but not statistically related for blacks. The analyses also indicate a relationship between educational attainment and the following social and family factors: (1) parents' education; (2) mother's attendance at PTA meetings; (3) age of the mother at the child's birth; and (4) whether the mother was divorced or separated. Five statistical tables are included. (FMW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Decision Resources Corp., Washington, DC.