ERIC Number: ED295961
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Thorndike's and Wood's Principles of Educational Measurement: A View from the 1980's.
Engelhard, George, Jr.
The purpose of this essay is to describe the principles of educational measurement proposed by B. Wood during the 1920s in his dissertation, written under the direction of E. L. Thorndike, and later published as "Measurement in Higher Education" (1923). These principles were selected because they illustrate one of the earliest and most complete descriptions of a set of basic and perennial problems encountered in educational testing. The specific questions addressed in this essay are concerned with the following: (1) the basic measurement problems identified by Thorndike and Wood in the first two decades of this century; (2) the means by which these measurement problems appear within the context of educational testing according to Wood; (3) means by which these problems were addressed by Wood in the 1920s; and (4) contemporary views of these problems. Principles of educational measurement (objectivity, defined zero and unit, definition of the function to be measured, consistency, within person variability, comparability, distinctness of power and achievement, equal exposure and practice, advantages of indirect measurement, test construction, test use, and measurement must not be confused with pedagogy) are tabulated according to specific problems and proposed solutions to each. Nine pages of references are provided. (Author/THJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Academy of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 5-9, 1988).