ERIC Number: ED295823
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Demographic Trends and the Scientific and Engineering Work Force. A Technical Memorandum.
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.
The Federal Government has acknowledged its key role in educating and assuring an adequate supply of scientists and engineers since World War II. Although scientists and engineers represent only three percent of the national work force, they are considered by many to be a crucial element in the nation's efforts to improve its economic competitiveness and national security. As a result of this study, it was found that a decline in the college-age population in the next decade and an increase in the fraction of the 18 to 24-year-old cohort that will be drawn from minority populations could affect the supply of scientists and engineers. In general, there does not seem to be evidence for concern that demographic trends will lead to shortages. This memorandum contains the following: (1) "Executive Summary"; (2) "Overview and Findings"; (3) "Demographic Trends: Undergraduate and Graduate Education"; (4) "Demographic Trends and the Academic Market for Science and Engineering Ph.D.s"; (5) "The Industrial Market for Engineers"; and (6) "Demographics and Equality of Opportunity." Also two appendices are included. One discusses the education and utilization of biomedical research personnel. The second lists responses to a survey on factors affecting minority participation in science and engineering. (RT)
Descriptors: College Science, Demography, Engineering Education, Engineers, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Higher Education, Labor Force, Labor Market, Professional Education, Professional Personnel, Researchers, Science Careers, Science Education, Scientific Personnel, Scientists
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 ($6.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.
Note: Graphs, charts and printing on colored pages may not reproduce well.