ERIC Number: ED295813
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Frontiers in Chemical Engineering. Research Needs and Opportunities.
National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources.
Chemical engineers play a key role in industries such as petroleum, food, artificial fibers, petrochemicals, plastics and many others. They are needed to tailor manufacturing technology to the requirements of products and to integrate product and process design. This report discusses how chemical engineers are continuing to address technological problems that are important to manufacturing interests in the United States. The research frontiers discussed in this report are grouped into four themes including: (1) starting new technologies; (2) maintaining leadership in established technologies; (3) protecting and improving the environment; and (4) developing systematic knowledge and generic tools. High priority areas considered include biotechnology and biomedicine; electronic, photonic, and recording materials and devices; polymers, ceramics, and composites; processing of energy and natural resources; environmental protection, process safety, and hazardous waste management; computer-assisted process and control engineering; and surfaces, interfaces, and microstructures. Appendices include detailed recommendations for funding, contributors, and the chemical processing industries. (CW)
Descriptors: Chemical Engineering, Chemical Industry, College Science, Higher Education, Manufacturing Industry, Petroleum Industry, Power Technology, Research Needs, Research Opportunities, Science Education, Scientific Research, Technological Advancement
National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418 ($19.95).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Policymakers
Sponsor: Department of Energy, Washington, DC.; National Bureau of Standards (DOC), Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources.
Note: Drawings and colored pages may not reproduce well.