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ERIC Number: ED295670
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jan
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Theoretical Foundations of Educational Technology and Future Directions for the Field.
Winn, Bill
This paper proposes a theoretical foundation for the field of educational technology based on cognitive learning theory. This proposition is based on consideration of issues which suggest that psychological theory is more central to educational technology than systems theory or theories of management, and that cognitive theories are more fundamental than theories of instruction. Schon's concept of professional expertise is discussed, and it is argued that instructional design would emphasize acquisition of a well-rounded knowledge base over techniques, with the designer able to make students reason from first principles rather than simply helping them find which techniques to apply. Although it is noted that there is likely to be opposition in the field of educational technology to a more theoretical approach, it is suggested that this approach will assist in professionalizing the field and move the field of educational technology beyond the structures and institutions of traditional education. (37 references) (EW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research Papers presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (New Orleans, LA, January 14-19, 1988). For the complete proceedings, see IR 013 331.