ERIC Number: ED295499
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Departmentalization of the ESL Program.
Bolton, John K.
A review of prevailing patterns of sponsorship of college and university English as a second language (ESL) programs indicates that in community colleges, they tend to be housed in English departments. In four-year institutions they are generally in semi-autonomous units or institutes. The argument for departmental sponsorship is based on data suggesting that program faculty and staff are better off in a departmental setting. Issues of credit, credibility, status, and the interface between ESL and English composition courses further argue for departmental sponsorship. The argument against sponsorship is based on the theory that ESL stands to lose in the competition for departmental resources. In addition, ESL faculty, already disadvantaged by heavier loads and less advantageous working conditions, suffer discrimination in hiring practices, tenure evaluation, and de facto exclusion from academic freedom and governance policies. It is concluded that the placement of the ESL program in a department such as English or a semi-autonomous unit out of the mainstream should be a function of careful assessment of institutional characteristics, including institutional mission, politics and resource distribution, conditions of appointment and employment, credit, and program image. (Author/MSE)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (21st, Miami, FL, March 1987).