ERIC Number: ED295495
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Mar
From Sentence to Paragraph.
To gain a sense of good rhetorical structure, what students of writing in English as a second language need to do is not to practice writing paragraphs and essays conforming to particular patterns, but rather to recognize and understand the resources available for indicating relationships between the propositions that make up their own, unique texts. Two sets of resources identified in the literature--cohesive linguistic elements and sentence structure--can be used or misused in a student's text. This is exemplified in a comparison, by sector and cohesion analysis, of three text versions, two written by a student before and after class discussion, and one teacher revision. It appears from the analysis that the need to work on grammar does not end when students are no longer making sentence-level errors. Just as it is important to think about what their readers already know and what new information they want to give, it is also important for students to recognize the resources in English for distinguishing given from new information, as instruments for communicating with readers. These resources are largely grammatical: reference items, explicit linkers, and perhaps most important, the distribution of information within the sentence. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (22nd, Chicago, IL, March 8-13, 1988).