ERIC Number: ED295488
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Impact of Adults and Children on the Addressor.
A study examined the adjustments made in an individual's speech according to the age and native language of the person being addressed, and compared the results to previous findings on characteristics of "foreigner talk" and "mother talk". An adult native English-speaker addressed four people in turn--an adult native English-speaker, an adult non-native English-speaker, a 3-year-old native speaker, and the child's mother--by giving them instructions on how to build a particular structure of colored toy blocks. The dialogues were recorded and analyzed for rate of speech, non-fluencies, reference, redundancy and paraphrases, and number of interaction elements. Additional aspects examined were the impact of rehearsal on the addressor, the implications of addressing each of the addresses, simplification strategies used with the child, spatial orientation, and other observations such as use of names, interjections, and confirming responses. It is concluded that variation in speech according to the addressee's linguistic competence and/or age probably does occur and that the results support the existence of reduced registers such as foreigner or mother talk, although fewer features of foreigner talk than mother talk were observed here. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (22nd, Chicago, IL, March 8-13, 1988).