ERIC Number: ED295301
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Assessing School and Classroom Climate. A Consumer's Guide.
Arter, Judith A.
School and classroom climate is often cited in effective schools research as being important for student achievement. This consumer guide is intended to help educators evaluate their own educational climate by providing reviews and descriptions of the major tests and surveys used to assess climate. Section 2 presents reasons for examining school climate, including its relationship to student achievement, differences in the ways students and teachers view their ambience, the need to analyze hidden messages, growing evidence that change is possible, and climate's usefulness in evaluating curricula. Section 3 differentiates between school and classroom climate, discusses various definitions, and describes four categories of instrument subscales (relationships, personal development, system maintenance and change, and physical environment) based on Moos' psychosocial dimensions. Section 4 discusses ways to measure educational climate, focusing on shared perceptions obtained through paper and pencil surveys. Section 5 briefly mentions state-of-the-art research and discusses validity and usability issues involved with definitions, measurement, importance to student outcomes, and practicality. Because no simple guidelines exist, section 6 provides some standards of comparison when completing a profile of climate variables, and section 7 offers five steps on selecting educational climate measures. Included are 1 table, 38 references, and 4 appendices providing reviews of educational climate instruments, a summary table of instrument characteristics, a list of resources, and a checklist for selecting educational climate measures. (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Guides - Non-Classroom; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.