ERIC Number: ED295101
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Attitudes toward Individuals with AIDS and Homosexuals.
McDevitt, Teresa M.; And Others
Past research on adults' fear of, and hostile reactions toward, individuals with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and homosexuals has tended to treat these reactions as being unidimensional. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the underlying dimensions of attitudes toward individuals with AIDS and homosexuals. A second purpose was to examine the associations between the emergent underlying dimensions for the two sets of attitudes. Undergraduate and graduate students (N=358) completed a demographic questionnaire, a 14-item survey of their attitudes toward individuals with AIDS, and a 21-item survey of their attitudes toward homosexuals. Participants also indicated their level of agreement with a policy restricting individuals with AIDS and homosexuals from eight occupations (police officer, restaurant worker, childcare provider, teacher, actor, firefighter, physician, and minister). Orthogonal principal components factor analyses were computed separately on AIDS-Phobia and Homophobia scales. Factor composites were computed from the emergent factors; they tended to show high internal consistency reliability. Associations between the factor composites for the two scales were also examined. In addition, individuals who scored high on the AIDS-Phobia and Homophobia composite scores tended to believe strongly that individuals with AIDS and homosexuals should be restricted from a variety of occupations. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (95th, New York, NY, August 28-September 1, 1987).