ERIC Number: ED295098
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug-31
Reference Count: N/A
Formulating Client Communication.
Reed, James R.
This report describes a set of strategies counselors can use to provide a "psychoanalytically governed hearing" of client communication. It discusses listening and organizing and describes strategies of analytic listening, including listening for the unusual and listening for theoretically relevant material. It is suggested that counselors complement the intellectual and impersonal top-down strategy of organizing the client's material formally using theoretical constructs by using a bottom-up strategy, building their understanding of clients from within the data and relying on a pattern method of explanation rather than a formal causal one. It is noted that counselors also communicate with clients and that counselor interventions should reflect the prior work of listening and organizing client communication. Several reasons for counselor interventions are given, including: (1) to support and encourage clients; (2) to appeal to the ability of clients to observe, think, organize, and reflect upon their experience; (3) to help clients elaborate and provide fuller details of emotional and cognitive context; and (4) to interpret the possible meanings and significance of client action. Ways in which the counselor substantiates the intervention by evaluating a client's response to the intervention are discussed and it is shown that the counselor once again becomes the analytic listener, listening to the client's response and formulating it by placing it in the developing patterns. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (95th, New York, NY, August 28-September 1, 1987).