ERIC Number: ED294969
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Assessing the Outcome of Affirmative Action in Medical Schools. A Study of the Class of 1975.
Keith, Steven N.; And Others
Affirmative action programs in U.S. medical schools have facilitated the entry and graduation of ethnic minority students. The number of Black physicians has doubled over the past decade. There have been even greater proportional increases in the number of Mexican-American, mainland Puerto Rican and Native American physicians. There is some question about whether or not these minority physicians are fulfilling other outcomes of affirmative action, such as choosing the primary care specialties, caring for minority patients, and practicing in areas where there is a shortage of physicians. This study compared Black, Mexican-American, mainland Puerto Rican, and Native American medical school graduates with their nonminority counterparts on affirmative action outcomes. The results include the following: (1) the minority graduates chose to specialize in primary care to a greater extent than nonminorities; (2) minority graduates practice in physician shortage areas at twice the rate of the nonminority graduates; (3) minority graduates are caring for significantly greater proportions of ethnic minority patients and patients supported by Medicaid; (4) a smaller proportion of minority graduates entered academic medicine; and (5) only about one-half of minority graduates had obtained board certification in their specialty compared to four-fifths of the nonminority graduates. In general, the results support the continuance of affirmative action in medical schools. The disparity in board certification should provide increased motivation to improve the early academic preparation of minority students. Statistical data are presented on 29 tables. A 38-item bibliography is included. (Author/VM)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Black Students, Certification, Ethnic Bias, Higher Education, Medical Education, Medical Schools, Medical Students, Minority Groups, Physicians, Racial Bias, Specialization, Whites
Publications Department, The RAND Corporation, 1700 Main St., Santa Monica, CA 90406-2138 ($4.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.