ERIC Number: ED294968
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Demographic and Situational Variables Influencing Substance Use among Urban Black Adolescents.
Moody-Thomas, Sarah; And Others
This study reports grade, gender, and environmental (school structure) differences in self-reported use of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana among urban black adolescents. Among the results are the following: (1) an equal percentage of males and females reported having "tried" cigarettes and alcohol; (2) males reportedly smoked more cigarettes within a 30-day period than females; (3) an equal number of males and females reported drinking alcohol within the same period; (4) a much greater percentage of males reported having tried chewing tobacco and using marijuana; (5) examination of multiple use patterns of two or more substances revealed that females most often used cigarettes and alcohol in combination, and males preferred a combination of marijuana and alcohol or marijuana and cigarettes; (6) ninth grade senior high school students smoked considerably more than ninth grade junior high school students; and (7) the most significant increase in alcohol and marijuana use was evidenced between seventh and eighth grades, and eighth and ninth grades respectively. Age-appropriate intervention programs may need to consider ethnicity, school environment, and substance-specific initiation points. Data are presented on five tables. A 6-item list of references is included. (BJV)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Alcoholic Beverages, Black Students, Drinking, Educational Environment, Elementary School Students, Females, Grade 9, High School Students, Illegal Drug Use, Males, Marijuana, Secondary Education, Sex Differences, Smoking, Urban Education, Urban Youth, Use Studies
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (95th, New York, NY, August 28-September 1, 1987).