ERIC Number: ED294813
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Food and Population: Beyond Five Billion.
Population Bulletin, v43 n2 Apr 1988
The principle cause of hunger and malnutrition is poverty. The extent of popular access to gainful employment, to arable land, to suitable technologies determines nutritional status more than aggregate food production. World food production is rising; but population is also increasing, along with the numbers of those who, either temporarily or chronically, do not have sufficient food, although the proportion of the world's population suffering undernutrition is declining. The developing countries, with about three-quarters of the world's population, account for less than one-half of the production of major food crops. Those nations' per capita food production of 260 kilograms in 1982 was only one-third of that in the developed countries. Yet China and India, the most populous countries in the world, have cut fertility rates and achieved food self-sufficiency. Although production of food staples in North Africa and the Middle East is projected to expand at about the same rate as that of Asia, approximately 2.9 percent annually, a much more rapid rate of population increase will result in only a 0.2 percent annual increase in output per person, compared with a 1.4 percent annual growth rate in Asia. Balancing population, food, and resources for sustained survival is a continual process. Eighty-one references and a list of suggested readings conclude the document. (Author/SM)
Descriptors: Agricultural Personnel, Agricultural Production, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Land Use, Natural Resources, Nutrition, Population Distribution, Population Education, Population Growth, Poverty
Population Reference Bureau, Inc., Circulation Department, 777 14th Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20005 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Population Reference Bureau, Inc., Washington, DC.