ERIC Number: ED294504
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jan-19
Reference Count: N/A
Homework: Suggestions for Educators.
Foyle, Harvey C.
Implications of homework as a strategy for educators are considered, based on review of over 1,000 articles and over 84 homework experiments conducted between 1904 and 1984. Homework was defined as taking books and assignments home after school for the purpose of home study. Foyle and Bailey elaborated four types of homework categorized by purpose: preparation, practice, extension, and creative. Of the 84 experiments that dealt with homework, 34 found a significant difference in favor of homework over other methods of learning; 6 found a significant difference in favor of other method of learning than homework, and 49 experiments found that homework and other methods of learning produced similar results in student achievement. Since 1957, 59 of 65 cited homework experiments were conducted in mathematics, mathematics-related subjects, and shorthand. Examining the results of the experiments by level indicate: at the elementary and secondary levels, homework produces student achievement, while at the college level no difference is found between homework and other methods. Data are provided on the link between homework and achievement by level for the periods of 1904-1957 and 1958-1984. Recommendations for each school level are also presented. 35 references. (SW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at a Meeting of the Hutchinson Chapter of Phi Delta Kappa (McPherson, KS, January 19, 1988).