ERIC Number: ED294388
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
How Are We Doing? Issues and Research Related to the Integration of Students with Special Needs.
Quintal, Janet M.
This paper, reviews the history of mainstreaming and the mixed results of its research base. Research findings on specific variables are outlined for consideration when integrating students with special needs. The variables discussed include: (1) academic achievement, which focuses on early identification of learning needs, and preparation for the transition from school to work and adult life; (2) social acceptance and interaction, which emphasizes the importance of peer relationships and the discouraging research findings on disabled/non-disabled interactions; (3) self-concept, which considers the effect of special class placement on self-concept; and (4) teacher attitudes and knowledge, which notes teachers' responses to mainstreaming and to the learning and social needs of individual students. It is concluded that successful integration benefits both exceptional and non-exceptional students, but that successful integration is only achieved through the right combination of environmental factors; support services; attitudes of educators; teaching skills; and the personality, learning, and social skills brought to the classroom by the disabled student. (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: The Proceedings of the Canadian Symposium on Special Education Issues (Toronto, Canada, March 4-5, 1986); see EC 202 558.